Design Intelligence (DI) is a relatively newfound discipline that combines architecture, engineering, and data for an innovative approach to design, construction, marketing, and sales. DI encompasses the ability to wholly understand challenges and assess trends to actualize a data-driven design plan that will adhere to the needs of the project in all aspects.
Parametric design is a branch of design intelligence. It is a process based on parameters and rules that define and clarify the relationship between design intent and design response.
Parametric modeling systems can be divided into two main types:
- Propagation-based systems which compute from knowns to unknowns with a data-flow model
- Constraint systems which solve sets of continuous and discrete constraints
For example, construction options for a multi-building apartment complex can be assessed so that every apartment maintains a certain amount of solar exposure. The system tests all potential alternatives within the defined limitations and presents optimal alternatives to meet the criteria. Solutions are tested at every stage of the design to accrue financial and functional efficiency.